Each step of a needs assessment includes critical actions to be taken during that step. Although parts of the needs assessment may be useful in isolation, the needs assessment is designed to be used as a process.
In this video, Dr. Margaret Heritage notes that student outcomes are the result of the environment and conditions that produced them. She explains how to narrow the focus of improvement to achieve desired results.
In this video, Dr. Laura Lipton describes how to prioritize needs and identify causal theories to be sure that the right problem is addressed.
In this video, Dr. Laura Lipton explains how to determine what data to collect to identify the right problem and measure progress.